Fly Fishing: an introduction - WeFish your fishing App

Fly Fishing: an introduction

In this guide, as well as in the surfcasting guide, we will give advice on how to start fly-fishing and how to practice it correctly. Something very remarkable about this modality is the emotions it transmits since it is a spectacular and exciting modality.

We will give advice on the materials to be used and an in-depth explanation of the materials required, we will also answer one of the most frequently asked questions and you will also have a list of the species with the best times to catch them.

We hope that the guide will be of great help to all those people who have doubts about this modality.

How to practice this modality

How is this modality done? Something very important and even distinctive of this modality is that it is not fished using the weight of the lure, but with the whip effect of our line. This means that we will be able to cast with very little weight but, also we will be able to cast flies or (streamers) heavier if it is preferred.

Fly-fishing is exciting, it has something that catches the eye of every angler who manages to master this modality. Once you understand and master the technique, you may look at the rest of your equipment in a different way. The struggle is from power to power and the bite…. the bite cannot be expressed in words, the bites in this modality feel like something special and unique. Seeing the line slip through your hands as the fish races and the rod casts a “0” are unique fly fishing experiences.

In fly fishing as in many other modalities there are different techniques to be practiced and they are the following:

  • Dry fly

There is something special about this modality, something subtle, which makes it difficult for you to perform other modalities or other techniques when you handle this technique one hundred percent. The technique and especially the spectacular bite of the fish when they come almost to the surface is something inexplicable.

In this mode the fly rests on the surface or semi-deep, simulating insects resting on the surface of the water.

This modality is characterized by trout fishing, but you can also get good catches of carp and barbels, this makes the selection of the material a great challenge, because for each fish you need a series of different materials.

If we go into detail with these species we can separate them since each one needs its own materials, for trout we need materials for #4 lines, as for barbels and carp the complexity increases since we have to take into account the size of the fish we want and adapt the materials to these characteristics.

  • Fly fishing

What characterizes this fly fishing technique is that it is somewhat more concrete and its flies do not try to simulate any insect perched in the water, as it tries to simulate something very concrete, such as an adult insect, an ephemeral one and even a tricopter nymph.

This modality is usually described as second rate, in spite of the fact that it is one of the most practiced, not only in Spain but in the whole world, due to all the fascinating emotions it transmits to the angler who practices it.

  • Fishing with streamers

The technique is the same, what changes mainly is the size of the streamers these are much bigger and imitate any type of insect as a bait, one of the species that are caught more are the pike but not the only ones, because you can also catch back bass and trout.

A very useful tip for this mode is that these species are best caught in fishing areas that are not exploited by other fishermen, as this way the fish are less alert.

Barbel caught by Fly fishing
Common Barbel caught by fly fishing

Best time of the year

Due to the great differences between the areas, we find very different recommended fishing seasons for each destination. In this way we can find excellent fishing options in each of the seasons when the season is open.

But they can be split up into four periods:

  • End of October to November
  • End of November to end of December
  • End of December to mid-March
  • End of March to May

At this time of the year, one of the best moments is in March, especially if the months of January and February have been very rainy, because at the end of the season, which runs from March to May, there are fishermen who do not like it very much, since they have gone fishing during the summer season. However, it is at this time of the year when the trout lovers go fishing, since it is the best time of the year.

Most common species of fly fishing

Some of the most common species that can be caught in fly fishing are

  • Trout Mar-Sep
  • Salmon Dec-Jan
  • Carps Marc-Jun
  • Pikes Sep-Dec
  • Black bass Mar-Jun
  • Barbels Jun-Sep
  • Silversides Jun-Aug

There are more species that can be caught practicing this modality, but these are the species that are most sought after and that interest the anglers interested in this modality the most.

What is the best material for fly fishing

Here you will be able to find all the necessary materials, so pay attention to all of them, since possibly in this modality the materials play a fundamental role and they have to be chosen in a concrete way so that they work.

Here is everything you need:

  • RODS

They are between 1.5 and 3.5 meters so the size depends on the areas where we will fish, for example, in a narrow channel a rod that is too long can hinder us.

The new fly fishing rods are made of fiberglass. This material gives them the elastic factor we need to be able to cast.

There are three types of reeds:

  • Fast action or tipping: rods for fishing in windy conditions and over long distances.
  • Medium or semi-parabolic canes: the most recommended canes to start with, as they have a fairly balanced balance between distance and presentation.
  • Parabolic or slow action: Finally, these are the rods in which the distance is more limited and in windy conditions the cast becomes more complicated. Their best virtue is their presentation, which is delicate and subtle for those fish that are suspicious and have fishing pressure.

As for the reels, it depends mainly on the species. If, for example, we want to catch some fly catfish, we will need a reel with a large brake, but if we want to catch trout, we will need a smaller reel without a brake.

There are an infinite number of models, prices and tastes on the market. The mechanized aluminum reels are the most expensive and I recommend them the most. But it is not necessary to start with reels of that caliber. There are more basic models that also do their job.


This part may be the most complicated in terms of material, the most important thing is the weight of the yarn, which is listed from 1 to 15, with 1 being the lightest and 15 the maximum.

Besides, we find them in different materials:

  • Silk: the characteristics of these are:

Colours generally translucent and natural, which blend very well with the colours of the water.

Smaller diameter than a floating line (which makes casting easier and more discreet).

  • Synthetics: Because of their price and performance they are the most used today. We can classify them by type and shape, whose features are indicated with a universal code.

Depending on the type of line, we have four types:

F (floating) – Lines with a lower density in order to stay afloat.

S (Sinking) – Used for deeper fishing.

F/S (Floating-Sinking) – Sunken-tip floats

I (Intermediate) – A mix between Floating and Sinking.

  • FLY

It is the artificial lure that can imitate a fly or anything the fish eats like other insects, crustaceans or small fish. It is manufactured manually with materials such as thread, feathers and various synthetic materials. It is characterized by its light weight in relation to the line.

As we have previously mentioned, depending on the catch or the technique, we will have to select a fly with more or less weight.

Mirror carp caught by fly fishing
Mirror carp caught fly-fishing

Tips and tricks for begginers

  • Use the 5 senses always.

Fly fishing is like that, a bad cast, a step too far, a bad presentation… will make you lose the precious fish. And that’s why, if you try it, you’ll never let go of a fly rod again. Of course, without the right knowledge and good advice, it can become hopeless.

  • Think a lot about the materials we’re going to use.

In this mode, the materials play a very important role, because if we do not choose the right ones, we might have to do a bolo in our day and not be able to catch the fish we wanted to catch.

  • It’s not all up to you.

There are different factors that we are going to be able to control, since some like the currents of the water, can be that they are not as we hoped that they were going to be, and equal with the wind, reason why it is not necessary to be alarmed with it.

This has been the guide on how to start practicing fly fishing, we hope it has been useful and you know why more guides like this are coming.


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